May 2023 : Lucy Evangelista : Bioanthropology applies to Archaeology
What can human bones tell us about past populations.
This talk will attempt to give an overview on how Physical Anthropology, the study of human bones, can add very valuable information to the archaeological record as a way to gain a deeper understanding of the lives and cultures of past societies. Physical anthropology is the study of human biological and physical characteristics and their evolution over time. Archaeology, on the other hand, is the study of past human cultures and societies through the analysis of artifacts, architecture, and other material remains. Physical anthropology can be applied to archaeology in several ways. One of the main applications is the study of human remains found in archaeological sites. Physical anthropologists can analyse these remains to determine the sex, age, health, and other physical characteristics of the individuals who lived in the past. This information can provide important insights into the lifestyles and activities of past societies, as well as their health and living conditions. This information can help archaeologists to better understand the origins of different cultural practices and traditions.
At Era Arqueologia we have a vast experience in the study of human remains in arcaheological contexts. The talk will use some examples of recent projects, namely our excavation of the Quinta dos Poços Golf Course, for the Pestana Hotels group, which yielded very important information on the human occupation in Recent Prehistory (3500-2200 BC) in that region of the Algarve. (Pictures to the right)
CV of Lucy Evangelista: I am an archaeologist, bioanthropolgist and head of the bioanthropology department at Era Arqueologia, S.A. since 2018. I am also a researcher at ICArEHB - Interdisciplinary Center for Archaeology and Evolution of Human Behaviour, University of Algarve, and at the Research Centre for Anthropology and Health at the University of Coimbra. After a degree and Master thesis in Prehistoric archaeology at the University of Porto (2004) I concluded my PhD in Physical Anthropology In the University of Coimbra (2018). My research focuses on a number of themes, including funerary practices and architectures amongst the societies of Late Prehistoric Iberia. On these topics I have carried out fieldwork in the southern Portugal, mainly at the Perdigões Archaeological enclosure, in Reguengos de Monsaraz, Évora.
Excavation of a cranium in a pit from the Perdigões Archaeological Enclosure in Reguengos de Monsaraz (2400 BC)